Home » Conditions » Anal Fissure
An anal fissure is a small tear or cut in the tissue that lines the anus. There is thin, delicate tissue called mucosa that makes up the lining of the anus, and it may get tears in it for many reasons such as passing large stools during a bowel movement. Typically, anal fissures cause pain with bowel movements and finding blood in your stool. An anal fissure could also lead to spasms in the muscle at the end of the anus, known as the anal sphincter.
An anal fissure is considered a chronic condition if you have had the fissure for 6 to 8 weeks, or it is a commonly recurring issue.
Common causes of an anal fissure include but are not limited to:
A few risk factors that may put an individual at higher risk for getting an anal fissure include:
Common signs and symptoms of an anal fissure include but are not limited to:
You should contact a GI Alliance gastroenterologist if you experience any combination of these symptoms, or any of these symptoms become severe. You should always contact a doctor about blood in your stool.
Anal fissures can be very uncomfortable, but usually, do not lead to any more serious conditions. A few common complications could include:
You should talk to your doctor about any concerns you may have regarding complications from your anal fissure.
Anal fissures will often heal on their own within a few weeks. To allow for anal fissures to heal, and prevent them from returning, your doctor may recommend:
You should talk to your doctor about the best treatment options for you.
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