Home » Conditions » Colon Cancer￼
The colon is the last part of the digestive system where the body extracts water and salt from solid waste. Colon cancer occurs when tumorous growths develop in the colon. The growths begin as benign growths called polyps. Polyps are small clumps of cells that eventually can turn into colon tumors.
Colon cancer is more common in older adults and is the second most common cancer found in both males and females combined.
It is important to receive a colonoscopy early in your life and then as directed by your gastroenterologist.
With the right care and attention, it is our hope that you will not experience the early signs of colon cancer.
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms persistently, make an appointment with your TDDC gastroenterologist today:
Cancer survival rates are broken into three different categories, localized, regional, and distant. Localized colon cancer is cancer that is strictly in the colon. Regional colon cancer is when the cancer spreads to the surrounding tissues and organs and distant is when the cancer has spread to distant parts of the body.
If the cancer is found early and is only manifest in a few cancerous polyps then the polyps can be removed resulting in very high survival rates.
We recommend receiving a colonoscopy when you are between the ages of 40-45 in order to find the cancer early. If colon cancer runs in your family then we suggest receiving a colonoscopy as soon as you can.
Some of the factors that could put a person at higher risk for colon cancer are:
Treatment for colon cancer can vary depending on the stage of the cancer. Every case is unique but the best thing you can do for colon cancer is to completely prevent it.
Colon cancer is a rare type of cancer because it is preventable. Colon cancer first manifests itself in the form of polyps. These polyps can be removed which reduces your risk of dying of cancer by 90%. Your personal risk and prevention steps can be determined at a screening with your local TDDC gastroenterologist.
Stage 0 colon cancer is when the colon cancer has not spread beyond the inner lining of the colon. If the growth is small enough it can be easily removed with the use of a colonoscope during a colonoscopy.
If the polyp is completely removed during a colonoscopy with no cancer cells at the edges no further treatment may be needed. If the removed polyp does have cancerous cells at the edges more surgery might be needed to clear the remaining cancerous tissue.
For cancers not in a polyp, partial colectomy may be necessary to remove the section of the colon and nearby lymph nodes that are cancerous.
Usually in stage 2 surgery is performed to remove the section of the colon or nearby lymph nodes containing cancer. Sometimes your gastroenterologist will recommend adjuvant chemotherapy (chemo after surgery) as well.
A partial colectomy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy is standard treatment for this stage of colon cancer.
This stage of cancer typically means that the cancer has spread to other tissues or organs. Surgery may be necessary to remove parts of the cancer found in the colon and other organs as well as chemotherapy. Chemotherapy at this stage is typically administered before and after surgery.
Looking for a gastroenterologists to help you with your condition? Search through our list of vetted Gastroenologists and find a skilled provider in your area.